6 Ways to Manage Pain

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What are the methods available in reducing pain


The International Association for the Study of Pain’s defines pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage”. Read More

In almost every case, a patient experiences pain. In any abdomen problem like gall stone, pancreatitis, acidity in stomach, liver diseases, kidney stones, cramping of intestine, gas in intestines, etc , pain is evident. Pain is also present in any case of chest diseases, respiratory problems, head problems, and in any case. It is the most common symptoms that can occur.

But there are types of pain like pain from nerve damage or nerve inflammation, pain from tissue damage, pain from visceral compression, pain from smooth muscle contraction, pain caused by vascular origin, etc.

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Therefore, the main thing is to manage Pain.

6 Ways to Manage Pain

  1. Medications: Needless to say, drugs are most important and most chosen methods of managing pain. Mild pain can be managed with NSAID (Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs)[Read Paracetamol: Things You Should Know], muscle relaxants while moderate to severe pain can be managed by steroid, anesthetics, opioids, etc. Combination of drugs are often prescribed. Psychogenic drugs are also selected when there is a suspicion of increased psychological contribution in causing pain. This is the most common method to manage pain. You can also Read Menstrual Pain: 5 Ways Can Give You Instant Relief.
  2. Electrical Stimulation: Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS) is a portable device that attaches to your skin (no need to invade the skin) and provides electrical signals to the nerves making them little non receptive to pain. Thus, you can’t feel the pain. This method mostly benefits the musculoskeletal pain and diabetic neuropathy.
  3. Laser Therapy: Low level laser therapy can be effective in treating low back pain.
  4. Psychological Procedures: Includes Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Hypnosis and Meditation. This can benefit if the psychological contribution is more in causing pain. If the pain is due to structural pathology, these procedures will merely do anything.
  5. Acupuncture: This uses stimulating or balancing the neural points in certain specified areas of our body. Acupuncture specialised needle can be used. You can also Read Hot Compress or Cold Compress.
  6. Surgical Intervention: This is most aggressive method of treatment and the ultimate method to manage pain. It includes epidural steroid injections, facet joint injections, neurolytic blocks, spinal cord stimulators, etc. It may involve removal of nerve branches so that there will no nerve available where the pain is occurring. So, there is no question of feeling pain if you do not have nerve branch to receive it.

Remember

pain is caused by some problems or damage present in the body which also may be a part of a disease. Although, severals methods are used in managing pain, the underlying cause must be taken care of. Pain is the communication method of the body to tell you that something is not right here.

Just reducing the pain and not taking care of the underlying problem may be more dangerous in the near future as the underlying problem may increase and cause complication, later.

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