Type 2 diabetes mellitus prevention
As the specialists indicate, type 2 diabetes has a high prevalence worldwide. It is the most common form of this disease. However, it is possible to prevent it. Do you want to know how? Next, we will tell you in detail.
Before continuing, remember that diabetes mellitus is a metabolic and chronic disease. In which there is an alteration in the blood glucose levels of the body.
The pathology is due to the existence of insulin resistance. As well as at reduced levels of the hormone, which leads to hyperglycemia. This type of diabetes accounts for around 90% of cases.
The disease also has a series of complications of greater or lesser severity. Among these, we find nerve damage, damage to the retina, kidney failure and the development of cardiovascular diseases.
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Some of the symptoms of diabetes can be: very thirsty or hungry, more tired than normal, urinating more than usual, weight loss for no apparent reason, blurred vision or tingling in the hands or feet.
If you notice these symptoms, see your doctor. Through simple tests, you can diagnose if you suffer from the disease and the treatment to follow.
In the development of type 2 diabetes, various factors, both genetic and environmental, influence. As for the genetic factors, today, several genes are known that could be involved in the pathology. However, the contribution of each of them has not been determined exactly.
Obesity identified as one of the major risk factors for the development of the disease.
n this context, the implementation of healthy lifestyle habits seems to be the best ally when it comes to preventing type 2 diabetes. For example, good nutrition and physical exercise.
Knowing the risk factors associated with this metabolic disease is essential to design the pathology prevention strategies. Especially those that are modifiable.
Obesity and prediabetic states
Numerous studies have confirmed that obesity associated with prediabetic factors such as altered baseline blood glucose (GBA), or impaired glucose tolerance (GAD), are two of the most important risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
The so-called prediabetic states are those in which the blood glucose concentration is higher than normal. But they do not reach the figures that would correspond to the diagnosis of diabetes.
Other variables that have been associated with the onset of type 2 diabetes are, for example:
- Bad eating habits
- Some micronutrients and food in particular.
- Gestational diabetes.
- Birth weight about gestational age.
Type 2 diabetes prevention
To prevent type 2 diabetes, it is best to improve life habits, depending on the doctor’s instructions.
The experts recommend some guidelines to follow that can help prevent the onset of diabetes mellitus type 2 is the physical exercise and changing eating habits.
Avoiding a sedentary life and practicing physical exercise regularly brings many benefits. It improves cholesterol levels and reduces blood pressure. It also helps prevent obesity and improves insulin resistance.
Several studies show that people who exercise regularly have a lower risk of diabetes. The key is to increase global energy expenditure. For example, do some aerobic exercise, such as fast walking or cycling.
Modify eating habits
Food control also noted as one of the key factors in the prevention of type 2 diabetes.
The most recommended diet to prevent disease is hypocaloric feeding. This is reducing the intake of fats and proteins. Also, reducing portions of food can help get help to lose weight.
Guidelines such as drinking water instead of sugary drinks, increasing fiber consumption, not making copious dinners or eating slowly, are habits that can help maintain a better nutritional status and prevent diabetes.
On the other hand, habits such as smoking and excessive drinking hurt the control and prevention of pathology.
In specific cases, pharmacological measures may be implemented. This is the case of prediabetic patients or people with a high risk of diabetes.
This type of therapy can be implemented in people with impaired glucose tolerance (GAD). This is because insulin-sensitizing medications are used.
The use of metformin in prediabetic stages is quite widespread. Due to its low side effects, its demonstrated hypoglycemic action and its cardiovascular protective effect.
Diabetes medication should only be taken under medical prescription. It is the specialist who can make a complete diagnosis and prescribe the treatment to follow.
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